Sunday, 21 October 2018

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LIVE UNGA 73rd Ses/2018 

 

Watch LIVE ICJ CHAGOS Rights & DECOLONIZATION

 KERALA FLOODS

  13-20 August 2018  

     Kilauea Hawaii     

   

World Met/Day-23 March 2018 ‘Weather Ready-Climate Smart

Thunderbolts Without Rain Winter Anti-Cyclone (26-30 April 2017)

Thunderstorms Approaching Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion (05-08) April 2017.

 

 

 ENAWO Intense Tropical Cyclone (03-08 March 2017)  South Indian Ocean-4th 100% Perfect PREDICTION.

   

      Watch MMS LIVE

 

 

 

 

CARLOS Tropical Cyclone

(04-07) February 2017- S-W Indian Ocean,

another 100% Perfect PREDICTION.

 

 

 

 

DINEO-Cyclone  Click Animation- 13 Feb. 2017 (courtesy: NOAA)

 

   

 

 

 

FLOOD STORM and Cyclone CARLOS- January 2017.

 

INNOVATION & UNIQUENESS of MADAGASCAR- Watch VIDEO

 

LUNAR Eclipse-Friday 16 Sep. 2016. 

 

 

''NASA Sees Hurricane Matthew'' . Click to watch LIVE from NOAA or Watch from NASA/GPM here 

 

 

 

 

 

 LIVE from UN 71st Session  Speech of Sir Anerod Jugnauth PM of Mauritius.

 

 

 

 

 

SUN Annular Eclipse from Central Atl/Ocean to SE Indian Ocean-01 September 2016. 

 

 

 

 

THUNDERBOLTS trigger Heavy Rainfalls in Mauritius and

Rodrigues (28-30) April 2016.

 

BAN KI-MOON 08-10 May 2016

   Mission in Mauritius.

 

 

Part of FANTALA VITC with METEOSAT 7 Video

 

 

Animation of CYCLONE FANTALA

      Live with NOAA.

 

 

 

 

 

Watch Video DAYA Cyclone and TORRENTIAL RAIN  10-13 February 2016: South-West Indian Ocean

 

 

 

 

WMO Video 23 March-World Meteorological Day 2016

 

 

  

 

HALO SUN and MOON Predicting FLOOD for MARCH 2016
Halo Sun and Moon March 2016

 

 

  

 

 Cyclone CORENTIN January 2016

explans the cyclon correntin

 

 

 

 

 Flood Storm 31 December 2015

Explains the prediction of flood storm of dec 2015

  

 

 

 

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       MOTHER EARTH

(Updated: 21 November 2016)

 Mother Earth is the most Dynamic and Lively Planet of our solar system. She is also called Blue Planet or Blue Marble. The picture taken on 7 December 1972 by Apollo 17 crew gives a real appearance of Earth as from the Space. The dominant blue colour shows water and reflects the eternal sky, the brown and green depict the land masses and the clouds appear white.

     Mankind, being the most intelligent creature, strives to understand all the aspects of Earth, from its creation, its evolution and to its present state. Men and women, individually and team-wise, undertake all types of studies with relentless devotion, perseverance and hard work, mostly with the support of sophisticated scientific equipment and logistics. Their objective is to disseminate the findings for the welfare of all mankind. Moreover, the findings have different versions which reflect various schools of thought. Furthermore, the findings often become obsolete as a result of new discoveries. This means that knowledge always evolves and is updated frequently which finally leads to dynamism.

 

    It is thus conclusive that no one can claim to have all the knowledge on any particular field. Therefore, all data and information that crop up are rather complementary in nature. However, it is a well-known concept by all researchers that, if we collect all possible explanations and reports with utmost details, these represent only one tenth of the real facts. So, the following is only a small fraction of that tenth of knowledge; like a unit of sand in a beach or a drop of water in the ocean.

 

THE BLUE MARBLE

    Shaped like a sphere, the Blue Planet has a diameter of 12,753 km and a circumference of 40,066 km at the Equator. It orbits around the Sun at 107,320 km per hour. It is estimated to weigh about 6,000 trillion tons. Its physical body is made up matter composed of various minerals and resources which are distributed in three layers: core, mantle and crust. The magma chamber at the centre is boiling with a temperature of 6000 degrees centigrade. Some time ago, it was estimated to be 30000 Celsius.

 

Mother Earth rotates on her axis making one day and one night in 24 hours; more precisely in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds.

Moreover, the Blue Planet revolves around the Sun along an orbit of  149m, 598,262 kilometres. She completes it in 365.26 days at the speed of  107,320 kilometres per hour.

 

The Atmosphere

    The Blue Marble is believed to be about 5 billion years old. At the outset, it was a ball of fire which has taken 700 million years to cool down gradually while emitting gases. It is after this phase that the atmosphere came to exist. There are other schools of thought saying that biological processes contributed to its formation. Yet, others assert that meteorites or asteroids brought gases or micro-organisms thus catalyzing the development of sustainable life on the Blue Marble.

    The atmosphere is a protective layer that helps all creatures to breathe, to transpire and to grow. Its thickness is estimated to be 560 km, made up with four levels:

i)  the Troposphere-lower level 8-14.5 km with 17 to-52 0 Celsius;ATMOSPHERE LAYERS as seen from PORT LOUIS, MAURITIUS

ii)  the Stratosphere- 2nd level 58 km with -3o Celsius, includes also the Ozone layer which is found around the top part;

iii) the Mesosphere-3rd level 98 km with -930Celsius and

iv) the Thermosphere or Ionosphere-upper level up to 600 km with 1,7270     Celsius.

 

There is also a pause at the boundary of each layer.    

 

 The composition of the atmosphere is mainly (99.998%) made up of gases as follows:

1)  Nitrogen (N2)-78.084%;   2)   Oxygen (O2) -20.947%;

3)  Argon (Ar)-0.924% and    4)  Carbon Dioxide (CO2)-0.033%.

 

    The rest of the atmosphere, besides Water Vapour, is a collection of other gases: Neon, Helium, Krypton, Sulfur Dioxide, Methane, Hydrogen, Nitrous Oxide, Xenon, Ozone, Nitrogen Dioxide, Iodine, Carbon Monoxide and Ammonia.  

Water

    A few decades ago, Water: oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, icecaps, glaciers and wet lands occupied 70-71% of the surface area of the Blue Planet. But nowadays it covers 72%. This implies that there is a considerable rise in the level of oceans impacted by the global warning. It is estimated that water has a surface area of about 361,419,000 sq km. Its volume is around 1,460 teratons (Tt) of which 97% is salty; the rest, that is 3%, is fresh water- 2.4% in glaciers and ice caps, - 0.6% in rivers and lakes.

 

Land

    The remaining 28% of the surface area of the Blue Marble is composed of land masses:  7 continents, thousands of islands and micro islets. The total area is estimated at 148,647,000 sq km. The geological nature of the Planet has different features, ranging from flat lands to hills, mountains-highest Everest 8,850 m, valleys, desserts and icy landscapes. The temperature also varies from -89c in Antarctica to + 57.8c in El Azizia, Libya. There are 195 countries which house, as at date, 7,189,060,000 humans. These land masses are linked by the 5 oceans which help in sustaining life.

   While some scientists say that Earth is under the threat of Global Warming, others claim that we are in face of Global Cooling. In order to understand these, the holistic approach should be applied. As mentioned in the first paragraph, 700 million years were required for the 5 billion years old Earth to cool down. Without this process, life on the surface, that is, in water and on land could not have started.

CORE

  However, the centre of the Blue Planet is that part which is still boiling with magma at a rate of 6000 degrees centigrade. It has a dynamic importance for the natural well-being of the Planet. The Core has two layers:

  1. the inner Core is found 5,150 to 6,378 km from the surface. It is made up of a solid mass of iron and nickel. It is under massive pressure reaching 6,000c and
  2. the outer Core is 2,260 km thick and is found at the depth of 2,890 km to 5,150 km from the surface. It is hot and the iron and nickel elements are in liquid state. This part is radio-active which causes convection currents just like the energy in a dynamo. It is this part which is responsible for the magnetic field of the Mother Earth and also for her rotation on the axis. It also activates the Earth's Gravity. (Click picture to enlarge, press ESC on keyboard to close)

 

   MANTLE

 The Mantle, which is the second layer of Earth, has three sub layers:

  1. the Lower Mantle is found between 650 km to 2,890 km from the surface. It probably contains mainly silicon, magnesium oxygen and some iron, calcium and aluminum;
  2. the transition layer found  between 400 km to 650 km contains calcium, aluminum and garnet. It shelters basaltic magma which can rise when hot and
  3. the Upper Mantle is at the depth of 10 to 400 km. It has solid rocks like olivine and pyroxene, part of which may be molten. When the heat from the centre of the earth escapes upwards, then it causes the formation of mountains and also makes the Tectonic plates to move.

 

CRUST

     The top layer of Earth is called the Crust. It is 10 km thick in oceans and is 75 km thick on the continents like the Himalayas. The oceanic crust is not flat. It is mountainous and its landscape is constantly changing because of marine volcanic activities. There is a network of 40,000 km of volcanic sites in the ocean. Marine eruptions build about 17 sq km of oceanic crust on ocean floors per year. As a result of such processes basaltic masses transform into islands like Hawaii and Iceland. The Upper most layer of the Crust found on the continents is made up of solid and crystalline rocks. Click picture for animation.(Cortesy: BESTANIMATION).

   

     Summarily speaking, we can say that all life is sustained by 5 elements- air, water, earth, fire and matter. These elements are in perfect harmony whose impact makes livelihood stable and peaceful. Given, that nature generates her forces for such harmony of life, she has her own laws. But, whenever the elements: air, water, fire, earth and matter express their energy in excess, the harmony is disrupted. Yet, this is natural. It is at such conjunctions that all creatures fall at risks. So, man describes such situations as natural disasters:cyclones, floods, droughts, fires, landslides, Tsunamis, earthquakes, snow storms, etc.

   

In fact, man is the most vulnerable creature, despite being the most intelligent one and paradoxically, pretending to be powerful. It is universally recognized that man is the greatest predator. Man is responsible for the over exploitation of nature and of resources; example there is less than 2% of natural forest in the whole Motherland Mauritius; many wet lands, which are natural organs for processing water, have been filled or destroyed for infrastructural purposes; the population density is among the highest-603 persons per square kilometre. Man-made disasters are also prevalent world wide, like the oil spills in the gulf of Mexico in 2010.

   

One feature worthwhile noting, is that, all life: plant kingdom, animal kingdom and human civilization, has started around water: rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. Until nowadays, these areas, both urban and rural, are still over populated with poor planning. These are definitely disaster risk zones, namely by impacts of floods and water related cataclysms. In 2011 alone, 106 million people were affected by floods. In Mauritius floods have killed 4 persons on 26 March 2008 and 11 on the Mega Flash Flood of 30 March 2013.   

   

      Therefore, the rulers and policy makers of all countries should harness their subjects with education and strategic work plans in view of providing Protection and Security against all type of disasters. In short, all adaptation and resilience actions should be ''Country-Driven'' and be ''People-Centred''.

   

       Mother Earth is the most dynamic and lively Planet in the solar system. She should never be blamed for the occurrence of natural events, just like the PM and his followers use to accuse after the authorities fail to adopt the Early Warning Systems.

 Follow me on  and on 

 

P.KANHYE.                                          02 November 2013.

Read more: LATER MAMA-Premie Tradiksion An Kreol Morisien-Enn Travay PIONIE Dan 'Disaster Management' and

                       Kreol Version Adapted to Diksioner Morisien-Pioneering Introduction in Disaster Manangement , etc. 

Comments   

0 #6 Amie 2015-01-02 16:50
Magnificen t points altogether here.
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0 #5 Hellen 2014-12-07 00:56
Hi! This website is without doubt has pleasant knowledge.
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0 #4 Lorre 2014-11-26 12:36
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0 #3 Gerad 2014-07-16 22:52
Some extremely valid points! I appreciate this article plus the rest of the website as extremely good.
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0 #2 Gina 2014-05-02 09:21
Thanks for sharing your thoughts about Mother Earth. Regards.
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0 #1 Lee 2014-04-25 08:12
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